Where Is / What Was Series Books for Kids

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What Was Ellis Island?                       J304.873 DEMUTH
by Patricia Demuth
From 1892 to 1954, Ellis Island was the gateway to a new life in the United States for millions of immigrants. In later years, the island was deserted, the buildings decaying. Ellis Island was not restored until the 1980s, when Americans from all over the country donated more than $150 million. It opened to the public once again in 1990 as a museum.

What Was the March on Washington?                    J323.119 KRULL
by Kathleen Krull
Describes the 1963 March on Washington, helmed by Martin Luther King, Jr., where over two hundred thousand people gathered to demand equal rights for all races, and explains why this event is still important in American history today. 

What Were the Salem Witch Trials?                         J345.744 HOLUB
by Jean Holub
Something wicked was brewing in the small town of Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. It started when two girls, Betty Parris and Abigail Williams, began having hysterical fits. Soon after, other local girls claimed they were being pricked with pins. With no scientific explanation available, the residents of Salem came to one conclusion: it was witchcraft! Over the next year and a half, nineteen people were convicted of witchcraft and hanged while more languished in prison as hysteria swept the colony.  

Where Is Alcatraz?                 J365.979 MEDINA
by Nico Medina
Escape from the ordinary and break into Alcatraz, America's most famous prison! The island of Alcatraz has always been a place that's fascinated visitors, from the Native American tribes who believed it was home to evil spirits to the Spanish explorers who discovered the island. In modern times, it was a federal prison for only 29 years, but now draws over a million visitors each year. 

What Was the Ice Age?                      J551.792 MEDINA
by Nico Medina
A mesmerizing overview of the world as it was when glaciers covered the earth and long-extinct creatures like the woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats battled to survive. 

What Was the Age of the Dinosaurs?                       J567.9 STINE
by Megan Stine
The Age of Dinosaurs began about 250 million years ago. In the beginning they were quite small but over time they evolved into the varied and fascinating creatures that captivate our imaginations today. What we know about dinosaurs is evolving, too! We've learned that some dinosaurs were good parents, that dinosaurs could grow new teeth when old ones fell out, and that most dinosaurs walked on two legs. We've even discovered that birds are modern relatives of dinosaurs! 

What Were the Twin Towers?                      J725.23 O’CONNOR
by Jim O’Connor
Describes the history of the Twin Towers, the tallest buildings in the world during their time, from their construction in 1973 to the terrorist attack in 2001 that toppled the towers and changed the United States forever.  

What Was the Hindenburg?             J387.742 PASCAL
by Janet B. Pascal
At 800-feet long, the Hindenburg was the largest airship ever built--just slightly smaller than the Titanic! Also, of a disastrous end, the zeppelin burst into flame as spectators watched it attempt to land in Lakehurst, New Jersey on May 6, 1937. In under a minute, the Hindenburg was gone, people jumping from windows to escape. However, only 62 of the 97 crew members and passengers onboard survived.

What is Rock and Roll?                                  J 781.66 O'CONNOR
by Jim O’Connor
Rock and roll sprang from a combination of African-American genres, Western swing, and country music that exploded in post-World War II America. Jim O'Connor explains what constitutes rock music, follows its history and sub-genres through famous musicians and groups, and shows how rock became so much more than just a style of music influencing fashion, language, and lifestyle. 

What Is the Super Bowl?                   J796.332 ANASTASIO
by Dina Anastasio
With over 110 million viewers every year, the Super Bowl is one of the most watched television events in the United States. The final showdown between the two best football teams in the NFL attracts some of the biggest musicians to perform at the half-time show. But the Super Bowl is more than just a spectacle – it’s a high-stakes game to win the championship and claim a place in history. 

What is the World Cup?                    J796.334 BADER
by Bonnie Bader
Every four years, thirty-two of the best men's soccer teams from across the globe compete for the title of FIFA World Cup winner. Over one billion people tuned in worldwide to watch the final game of the 2014 competition, making the World Cup the most widely viewed sporting event in the world, exceeding even the Summer Olympics! This book takes a look back at what has changed since the first tournament in 1930 and what lies ahead for the most popular sport in the world.  

What Are the Summer Olympics?                J796.48 HERMAN
by Gail Herman
Recounts the history of the Olympic Games, dating back to 775 BC, how the games ceased then were revived in 1896, how they grew to prominence in the modern day and attract thousands of top athletes from all over the world, and how billions of fans cheer on their national teams to bring back the gold!  

What Was the Titanic?                                  J910.916 SABOL
by Stephanie Sabol
At 2:20 a.m. on April 15, 1912, the Royal Mail Steamer Titanic, the largest passenger steamship of this time, met its catastrophic end after crashing into an iceberg. Of the 2,240 passengers and crew onboard, only 705 survived. More than 100 years later, today's readers will be intrigued by the mystery that surrounds this ship that was originally labeled "unsinkable."  

What Was the Lewis and Clark Expedition?             J917.804 ST. GEORGE
by Judith St. George
When Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and the "Corp of Discovery" left St. Louis, Missouri, on May 21, 1804, their mission was to explore the vast, unknown territory acquired a year earlier in the Louisiana Purchase. The travelers hoped to find a waterway that crossed the western half of the United States. They didn't. However, young readers will love this true-life adventure tale of the two-year journey that finally brought the explorers to the Pacific Ocean. 

Where Is the Colosseum?                  J937.6 O’CONNOR
by Jim O’Connor
The Emperor Titus opened the enormous Colosseum in AD 80 to host 100 days of games, and it will astound readers to learn what the ancient Romans found entertaining. Over 50,000 screaming fans watched gladiators battling each other to the death, men fighting exotic wild beasts, and even mock sea battles with warships floating on an arena floor flooded with water. By AD 476 the Roman Empire had fallen, and yet the ruins of the Colosseum remain a world-famous landmark of an unforgettable time. 

What Was Pompeii?              J937.725 O'CONNOR
by Jim O’Connor
The morning of August 24, AD 79, seemed like any other in the Roman city of Pompeii. So, no one was prepared when the nearby volcano Mount Vesuvius suddenly erupted, spouting ash that buried the city and its inhabitants. The disaster left thousands dead, and Pompeii was no more than a memory for almost 1,700 years. In 1748, explorers rediscovered the port city with intact buildings and beautiful mosaics. 

What Was D-Day?                              J940.53 DEMUTH
by Patricia Demuth
In the early morning hours of June 6, 1944, an armada of 7,000 ships carrying 160,000 Allied troops stormed the beaches of Nazi-occupied France. Up until then the Allied forces had suffered serious defeats, yet D -Day, as the invasion was called, spelled the beginning of the end for Nazi Germany and the Third Reich. 

What Was Pearl Harbor?                   J940.542 BRENNAN
by Patricia Demuth
Shares comprehensive, easy-to-read coverage of the events surrounding the December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, offering insight into the devastation that sank four battleships and killed more than 2,000 servicemen before propelling the United States into World War II.  

Where is the Taj Mahal?                    J954.025 HOOBLER
by Dorothy Hoobler
The Taj Mahal may look like a palace, but it's actually a tomb and a lasting testament to one of the world's great love stories. In 1612, Mogul emperor Shah Jahan married Mumtaz Mahal. It had been love at first sight and for nineteen years they were so inseparable that Mumtaz even accompanied Shah Jahan to battlefields. When she died suddenly giving birth to their fourteenth child, the emperor set about building a magnificent memorial to his wife. Everything about the Taj was perfectly planned, from the white marble walls that shimmer in the sunlight and sparkle by moonlight, to the countless decorative flowers made from precious gems that still astound visitors today. 

Where Is Mount Everest?                  J954.96 MEDINA
by Nico Medina
Introduces Mount Everest, the tallest peak in the world, describing its ancient beginnings, the first human settlers, and historic climbs. 

What Was the Boston Tea Party?                 J973.311 KRULL
by Kathleen Krull
Describes the Boston Tea Party, including the events leading up to the party, its immediate effects on American-British relations, and why it is still an important event today. 

What is the Declaration of Independence?              J973.313 HARRIS
by Michael C. Harris
Step back in time to the birth of America and meet the real-life rebels who made this country free! On a hot summer day near Philadelphia in 1776, Thomas Jefferson sat at his desk and wrote furiously until early the next morning. He was drafting the Declaration of Independence, a document that would sever this country's ties with Britain and announce a new nation--The United States of America. Colonists were willing to risk their lives for freedom, and the Declaration of Independence made that official. 

What Was the Underground Railroad?                    J973.711 MCDONOUGH
by Yona McDonough
No one knows where the term Underground Railroad came from--there were no trains or tracks, only "conductors" who helped escaping slaves to freedom. Including real stories about "passengers" on the "Railroad," this book chronicles slaves' close calls with bounty hunters, exhausting struggles on the road, and what they sacrificed for freedom.  

What Was the Great Depression?                             J 973.91 PASCAL
by Janet B. Pascal
On October 29, 1929, life in the United States took a turn for the worst. The stock market – the system that controls money in America – plunged to a record low. But this event was only the beginning of many bad years to come. By the early 1930s, one out of three people was not working. People lost their jobs, their houses, or both and ended up in shantytowns called “Hoovervilles” named for the president at the time of the crash. By 1933, many banks had gone under. Though the U.S. has seen other times of struggle, the Great Depression remains one of the hardest and most widespread tragedies in American history. 

What Was the First Thanksgiving?               J974.402 HOLUB
by Jean Holub
Teaches important dates and facts about the first Thanksgiving. 

What is the Statue of Liberty?                                  J 974.71 Holub
by Jean Holub
Documents the story of the Statue of Liberty, revealing its origins as a gift from France that was sent to commemorate the 100th birthday of the United States, in a reference that also explores the landmark's enduring symbolism of freedom, democracy and friendship.  

What Was the Wild West?                J978.02 PASCAL
by Janet B. Pascal
The west was at its wildest from 1865 to 1895, when territories west of the Mississippi River remained untamed and lawless. Famous for cowboys, American Indians, lawmen, gunslingers, pioneers, and prospectors, this period in US history captures the imagination of all kids and now is brought vividly to life. 

What Was the San Francisco Earthquake?               J979.461 HOOBLER
by Dorothy Hoobler
In this addition to the What Was? series, kids will experience what it was like to be in San Francisco in 1906 when the ground buckled in a major, catastrophic earthquake. One early April morning in 1906, the people of San Francisco were jolted awake by a mammoth earthquake--one that registered 7.8 on the Richter Scale. Not only was there major damage from the quake itself but broken gas lines sparked a fire that ravaged the city for days. More than 500 city blocks were destroyed and over 200,000 people were left homeless. 

Where Is the Amazon?          J981.1 FABINY
by Saray Fabiny
Human beings have inhabited the banks of the Amazon River since 13,000 BC and yet they make up just a small percentage of the "population" of this geographic wonderland. The Amazon River basin teems with life—animal and plant alike. It's a rainforest that is home to an estimated 390 billion individual trees, 2.5 million species of insects, and hundreds of amazing creatures and plants that can either cure diseases, or, like the poison dart frog, kill with a single touch.  

Where Are the Galapagos Islands?               J986.65 STINE
by Megan Stine
The Galapagos Islands are a chain of volcanic islands located on either side of the equator in the Pacific Ocean. The isolated location of the islands has allowed a vast number of species to develop that are original to each island, such as the marine iguana, the blue-footed booby, the magnificent frigate bird and of course the giant Galapagos tortoise, which may live to be over one hundred years old. Studied by Charles Darwin during his historic voyage on the HMS Beagle, the island life contributed to his groundbreaking theory of evolution. 

Where Is the Great Barrier Reef?                  J994.3 MEDINA
by Nico Medina
The Great Barrier Reef, off the coast of Australia, is the world's largest coral reef system. Stretching more than 1,400 miles, it provides a home to a wide diversity of creatures. Designated a World Heritage Site, the reef is suffering from the effects of climate change but this fascinating book shows this spectacular part of our planet.