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Who Was... Series Books for Kids

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Who Was Robert Ripley?                  J031.092 RIPLEY
by Kristen Anderson
Enter a world of shrunken heads, mystic holy men, shriveled aliens, and bizarre relics in the delightfully odd tale of Robert Ripley. Born in California, Ripley began his career as a sports cartoonist. He went on to chronicle global records and oddities in his weekly column, Believe It or Not! 

Who Was Jesus?                     J232.901 JESUS CHRIST
by Ellen Morgan
A biography that covers what is known historically about Jesus and places in his life in the context of his world when Jerusalem was part of the Roman Empire. This volume also explains the early origins of Christianity and how it became a major religion

Who Was Mother Teresa?     J271.97 T316
by Jim Gigliotti
Presents the life of an Albanian girl, Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, who became known as Mother Teresa and spent most of her life serving "the poorest of the poor" in Calcutta, India. 

Who is Pope Francis?             J282.092 FRANCIS
by Stephanie Spinner
Jorge Mario Bergoglio, aka Pope Francis, from Argentina, is the first Jesuit pope, the first from the Americas, and the first from the Southern Hemisphere. Since being elected pope he has shown a humbler, less formal approach to his office than his predecessors: a warm style that has been referred to as "no frills." His common touch and accessibility, as well as his insistence that the church be more open and welcoming, has quickly endeared him not only to Roman Catholics but to millions of others around the world.

Who Is Gloria Steinem?           J305.42 STEINEM
by Sarah Fabiny
Presents the life of the prominent feminist, highlighting her career and influence as a writer, political activist, and co-founder of "Ms." magazine. 

Who was Coretta Scott King?    J323.092 KING
by Gail Herman
Here's a gripping portrait of a smart, remarkable woman. Growing up in Alabama, Coretta Scott King graduated valedictorian from her high school before becoming one of the first African American students at Antioch College in Ohio. It was there that she became politically active, joining the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). After her marriage to Martin Luther King Jr., Coretta took part in the Civil Rights Movement.

Who Was Martin Luther King, Jr.?    J323.092 KING
by Bonnie Bader
An introduction to the life Martin Luther King, Jr. Including how he organized the Montgomery Bus Boycott and African American people across the country in support of the right to vote, desegregation, and other basic civil rights. 

Who Was Rosa Parks?                       J323.092 PARKS
by Yona McDonough
In 1955, Rosa Parks refused to give her bus seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama, a seemingly small act that triggered civil rights protests across America and earned Rosa Parks the title "Mother of the Civil Rights Movement." 

Who Is Malala Yousafzai?      J323.092 YOUSAFZAI
by Dinah Brown
Malala Yousafzai was a girl who loved to learn but was told that girls would no longer be allowed to go to school. She wrote a blog that called attention to what was happening in her beautiful corner of Pakistan and realized that words can bring about change. She has continued to speak out for the right of all children to have an education. In 2014 she won the Nobel Peace Prize.

Who Was Susan B. Anthony?    J324.62309 ANTHONY
by Pam Pollack
Profiles the life and accomplishments of the schoolteacher who became the most famous leader of the women's rights movement. 

Who Was Sojourner Truth?                          J326.809 TRUTH
by Yona McDonough
Describes the life and accomplishments of the former slave turned abolitionist who became an early leader fighting for the rights of both Africans Americans and women. 

Who Was Cesar Chavez?       J331.881 CHAVEZ
by Dana Meacham Rau
When he was young, Cesar and his Mexican American family toiled in the fields as migrant farm workers. He knew all too well the hardships farm workers faced. His public-relations approach to unionism and aggressive but nonviolent tactics made the farm workers' struggle a moral cause with nationwide support. Along with Dolores Huerta, he cofounded the National Farmworkers Association. 

Who Is Richard Branson?      J338.04 BRANSON
by Michael Burgan
Born into a wealthy family in London, Branson suffered from dyslexia and was a poor student. Still, his knack for business started early with a successful parakeet-breeding enterprise at age 11. The entrepreneur launched his first major business, Virgin Records, at age 22 and spent the next few decades building the Virgin group that now includes more than 400 companies. 

Who Was Steve Jobs?              J338.76 JOBS
by Pam Pollack
Steve Jobs, adopted in infancy by a family in San Francisco, packed a lot of life into fifty-six short years. His obsession with computers and technology at an early age led him to co-found and run Apple, in addition to turning Pixar into a ground-breaking animation studio. A college dropout, Jobs took unconventional steps in his path to success and inspired the best and the brightest to come with him and “change the world. 

Who Was Milton Bradley?        J338.761 BRADLEY
by Kristen Anderson
Chronicles the life of the board game magnate who created the Checkered Game of Life and founded the Milton Bradley Company, an organization that has created Battleship, Jenga, Yahtzee, Trouble, and other classic games. 

Who Is Bill Gates?                     J338.761 GATES
by Patricia Demuth
Examines the life of the world-changing philanthropist and genius, whose passion for technology led him to revolutionize personal computers through a once-tiny company called Microsoft. 

Who Was Henry Ford?             J338.762 FORD
by Michael Burgan
Presents the life of the automotive industry pioneer, describing his youth, his career as a mechanic, his early automobile designs, and the creation and success of the Ford Motor Company. 

Who Was Milton Hershey?                                           J338.76639
by James Buckley Jr.
A look at Milton Hershey's life details his professional successes, including the founding of the Hershey Chocolate Company, and how he used his wealth to benefit others.

Who Is Sonia Sotomayor?     J347.732 SOTOMAYOR
by Megan Stine
The truly inspiring story of the first Latina Supreme Court Justice. 

Who Was Clara Barton?        J361.763 BARTON
by Stephanie Spinner
Profiles the life and accomplishments of Clara Barton, a teacher who organized efforts to bring nursing care to wounded soldiers during the Civil War and who went on to become the founder of the American Red Cross. 

Who Was Helen Keller?          J362.41 KELLER
by Gare Thompson
An illustrated biography shows how Helen Keller, deaf and blind since the age of two, learned to communicate, read, and do other amazing things with the help of her teacher, Annie Sullivan. 

Who was Booker T. Washington?                 J362.92 WASHINGTON
by James Buckley Jr.
African American educator, author, speaker, and advisor to presidents of the United States, Booker Taliaferro Washington was the leading voice of former slaves and their descendants during the late 1800s. As part of the last generation of leaders born into slavery, Booker believed that blacks could better progress in society through education and entrepreneurship, rather than trying to directly challenge the Jim Crow segregation.

Who Was Galileo?                   J520.92 GALILEI
by Patricia Demuth
Profiles the life and accomplishments of the Italian scientist, including his family life, years as a university teacher, world-changing ideas about the solar system, and imprisonment for heresy. 

Who Was Albert Einstein?                             J530.092 EINSTEIN
by Jess M. Brallier     
Traces the life and work of the famous physicist, from his childhood in Germany through the development of his theories of relativity to his campaign for peace after World War II.  

Who Was Marie Curie?                      J540.92 CURIE
by Megan Stine
Born in Warsaw, Poland, on November 7, 1867, Marie Curie was forbidden to attend the male-only University of Warsaw, so she enrolled at the Sorbonne in Paris to study physics and mathematics. There she met a professor named Pierre Curie, and the two soon married, forming one of the most famous scientific partnerships in history. Together they discovered two elements and won a Nobel Prize in 1903. 

Who Was Jacques Cousteau?                        J551.46 COUSTEAU
by Nico Medina
Jacques Cousteau is the most famous and beloved name in the world of deep-sea exploration. Cousteau discovered his passion in 1938, when he first used a pair of goggles to dive off the coast of France. During his time as a French naval officer, he carried out many deep-sea experiments and improved upon early diving equipment. Soon, Cousteau began filming his underwater excursions and offering the world a glimpse below the surface. The documentary television series The Undersea World of Jacques Cousteau made the man, his work, and his red cap famous throughout the world. 

Who Was Rachel Carson?                  J570.92 CARSON
by Sarah Fabiny
Presents the life and accomplishments of the American biologist, whose influential work, "The Silent Spring," inspired worldwide conservation movements.

Who Was Charles Darwin?                J576.82 DARWIN
by Deborah Hopkinson
Describes how Charles Darwin's passion for the natural world fueled his groundbreaking ideas on evolution and changed people's understanding of the natural world for years to come. 

Who Was Steve Irwin?                      J597.9092 IRWIN
by Dina Anastasio
Describes the life and career of Steve Irwin, famously known as the Crocodile Hunter, from his childhood and early love of animals to his rise in popularity as a film and television star and naturalist. 

Who Is Jane Goodall?            J599.885 GOODALL
by Roberta Edwards
Jane Goodall, born in London, England, always loved animals and wanted to study them in their natural habitats. So, at age twenty-six, off she went to Africa! Goodall's up-close observations of chimpanzees changed what we know about them and paved the way for many female scientists who came after her. 

Who Was Thomas Alva Edison?              J621.309 EDISON
by Margaret Frith
One day in 1882, Thomas Edison flipped a switch that lit up lower Manhattan with incandescent light and changed the way people live ever after. The electric light bulb was only one of thousands of Edison’s inventions, which include the phonograph and the kinetoscope, an early precursor to the movie camera. As a boy, observing a robin catch a worm and then take flight, he fed a playmate a mixture of worms and water to see if she could fly!

Who Was Alexander Graham Bell?               J621.385 BELL
by Bonnie Bader
Did you know that Bell's amazing invention--the telephone--stemmed from his work on teaching the deaf? Both his mother and wife were deaf. Or, did you know that in later years he refused to have a telephone in his study? Bell's story will fascinate young readers interested in the early history of modern technology! 

Who Was Amelia Earhart?             J629.13 EARHART
by Kate Jerome
Provides the biography of the historical aviator who was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean in 1932 as well as the first woman to fly across the Pacific in 1935 before meeting a mysterious end in 1937 in her attempt to fly around the world. 

Who Is Neil Armstrong?                    J629.45 ARMSTRONG
by Roberta Edwards
A biography that introduces youngsters to Neil Armstrong, the first man to step foot on the Moon. 

Who Was Sally Ride?             J629.45 RIDE
by Megan Stine
A portrait of the first female astronaut in space provides coverage of topics ranging from her professional tennis skills and achievements as a robotics developer to her history-making shuttle mission and contributions through Sally Ride Science. 

Who Was George Washington Carver?                    J630.92 CARVER
by Jim Gigliotti
Born in 1860s Missouri, nobody expected George Washington Carver to succeed. Slaves were not allowed to be educated. After the Civil War, Carver enrolled in classes and proved to be a star student. He went on to the Tuskegee Institute where he specialized in botany (the study of plants) and developed techniques to grow crops better. His work with vegetables, especially peanuts, made him famous and changed agriculture forever. 

Who Was Johnny Appleseed?                       J634.11 APPLESEED
by Joan Holub
Presents the biography of John Chapman, who traveled the Midwest planting apple orchards to help nourish the new communities that were sprouting up west of the Mississippi.

Who Was Julia Child?              J641.5092 C536
by Geoff Edgers
Describes the life and career of Julia Child, who was the author of Mastering the Art of French Cooking and became one of the most well-known television cooking chefs.

Who Was Louis Braille?            J686.282 BRAILLE
by Margaret Frith
Louis Braille certainly wasn't your average teenager. Blind from the age of four, he was only fifteen when in 1824 he invented a reading system that converted printed words into columns of raised dots. Through touch, Braille opened the world of books to the sightless, and almost two hundred years later, no one has ever improved upon his simple, brilliant idea.

Who Was Leonardo da Vinci?                       J709.2 LEONARDO
by Roberta Edwards
Presents the life and accomplishments of the famous artist, scientist, engineer, and inventor.

Who Was Andy Warhol?                   J709.2 WARHOL
by Kirsten Anderson
Profiles the life and accomplishments of the printmaker who overcame poverty and illness to become the founder of the Pop Art movement. 

Who Was Chuck Jones?                     J741.58 JONES
by Jim Gigliotti
Looks at the life of the cartoonist and animator, famous for creating over two hundred fifty cartoon shorts for Warner Brothers starring Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, Porky Pig, and other popular characters. 

Who Is Stan Lee?                 J741.59 LEE
by Geoff Edgers
Profiles the life and accomplishments of Stanley Lieber, comic book author, publisher of Marvel Comics, and creator of such famous comic-book characters as Spider-Man, the Incredible Hulk, and the Fantastic Four.

Who is Ralph Lauren?                        J746.92 LAUREN
by Jane O’Connor
Born in the Bronx, even as a teenager Ralph Lauren was known for his distinctive fashion sense, having a taste for both classic preppy clothes and vintage looks like beat-up leather jackets. He got his start in the fashion business by selling ties that he designed. From ties he went on to create a global fashion empire.

Who Was Claude Monet?                 J759.4 MONET
by Ann Waldron
Claude Monet is considered one of the most influential artists of all time. He is a founder of the French Impressionist art movement, and today his paintings sell for millions of dollars. While Monet was alive, however, his work was often criticized and he struggled financially. 

Who Was Frida Kahlo?                       J759.972 KAHLO
by Sarah Fabiny
Presents a biography of the painter who was famous for her self-portraits, haunting imagery, and marriage to Diego Rivera, and details how she was inspired by the ancient culture and history of her beloved homeland, Mexico.  

Who Was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart?                   J780.92 MOZART
by Yona McDonough
Explores the life and work of the prolific eighteenth-century Austrian composer who began life as a child prodigy, composing music at the age of five, and died a pauper at age thirty-five. 

Who Was Louis Armstrong?              J781.65 ARMSTRONG
by Yona McDonough
Biography of a poor boy from New Orleans who became a jazz musician who is beloved around the world. 

Who Were the Beatles?                     J782.421 BEATLES
by Geoff Edgers
An easy-to-read narrative brings the Fab Four to life, discussing their childhoods in Liverpool, England, their first forays into rock music, what Beatlemania was like, why they broke up, and more.           

Who Is Bob Dylan?                 J782.421 DYLAN
by Jim O’Connor
Presents a portrait of the iconic music artist that discusses his award-winning achievements, status as a counterculture figure, and influence on such performers as John Lennon, Bruce Springsteen, and David Bowie. 

Who Was Bob Marley?                      J782.421 MARLEY
by Katie Ellison
Bob Marley was a reggae superstar who is considered to be one of the most influential musicians of all time. Born in rural Jamaica, this musician and songwriter began his career with his band, The Wailing Wailers, in 1963. The Wailers went on to spread the gospel of reggae music around the globe. Bob's distinctive style and dedication to his Rastafari beliefs became a rallying cry for the poor and disenfranchised the world over and led to a hugely successful solo career. 

Who Was Elvis Presley                       J782.421 PRESLEY
by Geoff Edgers
A fascinating biography of an icon of American pop culture shows how his musical style was developed in his humble Mississippi roots and how he ushered in the age of rock and roll by changing popular music forever. 

Who Are the Rolling Stones?            J782.421 RAU
by Dana Meacham Rau
Starting out over fifty years ago, the Rolling Stones took the music of the blues and blended it into rock and roll to create their own unique sound. Decades later, they are still hard at work, recording and playing live to massive crowds of adoring fans. Who Are the Rolling Stones? captures the excitement of the Stones on their journey to become the greatest rock-and-roll band in the world.

Who was Pete Seeger?                      J782.421 SEEGER
by Noel McCarry
Pete Seeger was an American folk musician and social activist whose outspoken songs about freedom and justice got him blacklisted from radio and TV for years. 

Who Is Bruce Springsteen?               J782.421 SPRINGSTEEN
by Stephanie Sabol
Bruce Springsteen grew up in a blue-collar New Jersey town, where his parents struggled to make ends meet. Bruce didn't fit in at school but found solace in rock and roll and playing guitar. After the breakup of a local band he'd joined, Springsteen went out on his own and people began to take notice. He signed with Columbia Records and under pressure to come up with a hit, wrote "Born in the USA," which tells the story of America during the years of the Vietnam War. A multi-millionaire and twenty-time Grammy winner, the Boss has remained a working-class hero whose music deals with the political and social changes in our country.

Who Was Walt Disney?                     J791.43 DISNEY
by Whitney Stewart
Highlights the life and accomplishments of the famous cartoonist who created Mickey Mouse, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, and Bambi and was the owner of Walt Disney Studios and Disneyland. 

Who Was Alfred Hitchcock?             J791.43 HITCHCOCK
by Pam Pollack
Profiles the life and accomplishments of the British filmmaker known for his distinctive style of directing and his films that featured suspenseful and surprising plots. 

Who was Bruce Lee?              J791.43 LEE
by Jim Gigliotti
Presents the career and early death of the Kung Fu instructor who became a world-wide legend as the star of the some of the greatest martial arts movies ever made. 

Who Is George Lucas?                        J791.43 LUCAS
by Pam Pollack
Highlights the life and accomplishments of the creator of the "Star Wars" and "Indiana Jones" movies, whose technological innovations have had a major impact on the film industry. 

Who Is Steven Spielberg?                 J791.43 SPIELBERG
by Stephanie Spinner
While other kids played sports, Steven Spielberg was writing scripts and figuring out camera angles. He went from entertaining his Boy Scout troop with home movies to amazing audiences around the world with epic blockbusters. He has directed four of the most successful films of all time and has won two Academy Awards for Best Director. From Jaws to Lincoln, young readers and aspiring filmmakers will be fascinated by the life of this famous director.

Who Were the Three Stooges?                     J791.473
by Pam Pollack
The Three Stooges were the hardworking children of immigrants and discovered a love of performing at an early age. Starting out as a vaudeville act, they soon transitioned into movies, becoming a worldwide sensation in feature films and shorts. Never the critics' darlings, audiences loved them for their mastery of physical comedy and their willingness to do anything for a laugh. They remained popular over the years despite several personnel changes that revolved around the three Howard brothers from Brooklyn. Their comedies are still in syndication more than 50 years after they were first shown on TV and continue to delight old fans and attract new ones. 

Who Was Jim Henson?                      J791.53 HENSON
by Joan Holub
Highlights the life and accomplishments of the famous puppeteer and creator of the Muppets. 

Who Was Harry Houdini?                              J793.809 HOUDINI
by Tui Sutherland
Every kid has heard of Harry Houdini, the famous magician who could escape from handcuffs, jail cells, and locked trunks. But do they know that the ever-ambitious and adventurous Houdini was also a famous movie star and the first pilot to fly a plane in Australia?  

Who Was Roberto Clemente?                      J796.357 CLEMENTE
by James Buckley Jr.
Traces the life and accomplishments of the professional baseball player, from his heroics on the field to his humanitarian efforts and his untimely death. 

Who Was Jackie Robinson?                           J796.357 ROBINSON
by Gail Herman
As a kid, Jackie Robinson loved sports. And why not? He was a natural at football, basketball, and, of course, baseball. But beyond athletic skill, it was his strength of character that secured his place in sports history. In 1947 Jackie joined the Brooklyn Dodgers, breaking the long-time color barrier in major league baseball. It was tough being first- not only did "fans" send hate mail but some of his own teammates refused to accept him.

Who Was Babe Ruth?                                    J796.357 RUTH
by Joan Holub
Presents the life of the legendary baseball player, from his impoverished childhood, to his famous trade to the Yankees. 

Who Is Derek Jeter?                           J796.35709 JETER
by Gail Herman
Highlights the life and accomplishments of the shortstop and captain of the New York Yankees.

Who Was Jesse Owens?                    J796.42 OWENS
by James Buckley Jr.
Describes the life of the sharecroppers' son who became an Olympic legend and challenged Hitler's dream of Aryan superiority. 

Who Was Seabiscuit?            J798.4 SEABISCUIT
by James Buckley Jr.
In the middle of the worst depression in U.S. history, one young racehorse lifted a nation's spirits. Seabiscuit was born in 1933 on a farm in Kentucky. Though bred for racing, he was weak and undersized. He slept too long and ate too much. Against the odds, he began to win local races. He was given a new coach who trained him to race in larger circuits. Soon enough, this scrappy horse began beating the best racehorses in the country.

Who Was Annie Oakley?                   J799.309 OAKLEY
by Stephanie Spinner
You want girl power? Meet Annie Oakley! Born in 1860, she became one of the best-loved and most famous women of her generation. She amazed audiences all over the world with her sharpshooting, horse-riding, action-packed performances. In an age when most women stayed home, she traveled the world and forged a new image for American women.  

Who Was Dr. Seuss?                          J813.52 SEUSS
by Janet Pascal
Ted Geisel loved to doodle from the time he was a kid. He had an offbeat, fun-loving personality. He often threw dinner parties where guests wore outrageous hats! And he donned quirky hats when thinking up ideas for books like his classic The Cat in the Hat.  

Who Was Laura Ingalls Wilder?                        J813.52 WILDER
by Patricia Demuth
Born in 1867 in the "Big Woods" in Wisconsin, Laura experienced both the hardship and the adventure of living on the frontier. It wasn't until after she was sixty that Laura Ingalls Wilder started chronicling those times, which resulted in nine Little House books.

Who Was Maurice Sendak?              J813.54 SENDAK
by Janet Pascal
His love of children’s books began early: often sick and confined to bed, little Maurice read and read and read. Though many of his own stories were light and funny, the most important ones--Where the Wild Things AreIn the Night KitchenOutside Over There--dealt with anger, jealousy, abandonment, content that had never before been the subject of picture books.

 Who Is Jeff Kinney?               J813.6 KINNEY
by Patrick Kinney
Even as a kid, everyone thought Jeff Kinney was talented. People loved his drawings, and when he went to college, his comic strip Igdoof was so popular that it spread to other universities! Still, Jeff faced challenges. His cartoons were rejected by syndicates that claimed his art was unprofessional. Then, an idea struck: Jeff would write a journal from the perspective of a child, illustrated with doodles just like a kid might do. And so, the Diary of a Wimpy Kid series was born--and it was a hit! 

Who Was Edgar Allan Poe?                           J818.309 P743
by Jim Gigliotti
Filled with broken hearts and black ravens, Edgar Allan Poe's ghastly tales have delighted readers for centuries. Born in Boston in 1809, Poe was orphaned at age two. His first published story, The Raven, was a huge success, but his joy was overshadowed by the death of his wife. Poe devoted his life to writing and his tragic life often inspired his work. He is considered to be the inventor of detective fiction and the father of American mystery writers. 

Who Was William Shakespeare?                  J822.33 SHAKESPEARE
by Celeste Davidson Mannis
Describes Shakespeare's life and work, from his relocation from Stratford to London as a young man to his pursuit of a career in the theater. 

Who Was Beatrix Potter?                  J823.912 POTTER
by Sarah Fabiny
Presents the life and accomplishments of the author best known for her Peter Rabbit stories.  

Who Was Roald Dahl?                       J823.914 DAHL
by True Kelly
Roald Dahl is one of the most famous children's book authors ever. A flying ace for the British Air Force, he was married to an Academy Award-winning actress. He also wrote books and screenplays for adults. 

Who Is J. K. Rowling? J823.914 ROWLING
by Pam Pollack
In 1995, on a four-hour-delayed train from Manchester to London, J.K. Rowling conceived of the idea of a boy wizard named Harry Potter. Upon arriving in London, she began immediately writing the first book in the saga. Rowling's true-life, rags-to-riches story is as compelling as the world of Hogwarts that she created. 

Who was Lewis Carroll?                     J823.809 CARROLL
by Pam Pollack
Lewis Carroll is the pen name of Charles L. Dodgson, a mathematician and church deacon, who taught at Oxford University. He was inspired to write his best-known works, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass, by one of the Dean's daughters, Alice Liddell. The books were hugely successful and brought Carroll wide acclaim, especially for the nonsense poems "Jabberwocky" and The Hunting of the Snark. 

Who Was J. R. R.  Tolkien?    J828.91209 TOLKIEN
by Pam Pollack
Best known for his epic Lord of the Rings trilogy and The Hobbit, J.R.R. Tolkien was born in British-occupied South Africa. His early life was full of action and adventure. Tolkien spent his childhood roaming the British countryside with his family and could read and write by age four. He was naturally gifted with languages and used this skill as a signals officer in World War I as well as in his fantasy writing. By creating alternate universes and inventing languages in his work he demonstrated that imaginary realms were not just for children. Fondly remembered as the “Father of High Fantasy,” Tolkien’s books have inspired blockbuster movies and legions of fans. 

Who Were the Brothers Grimm?      J830.92243 G864
by Avery Reed
Details the life and times of the nineteenth-century German brothers who penned many famous fairy tales. 

Who Was Jules Verne?                      J843.8 VERNE
by James Buckley Jr.
Born in France in 1829, Jules Verne always dreamed of adventure. At age 11, he snuck onboard a ship headed for the Indies only to be discovered by his father and have his dreams dashed. After his father made him swear to only travel "in his imagination," Verne kept his promise for the rest of his life. He began writing adventure stories as a young man and became a popular writer throughout France. Known for mixing scientific discovery and literature in his books like Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea and Around the World in 80 Days, Verne is often called "The Father of Science Fiction. 

Who Was Marco Polo?       J910.4 POLO
by Joan Holub
Introduces young readers to the world traveler who wrote about his many experiences while journeying from the medieval city of Venice to the fabled kingdom of the great Kublai Khan.  

Who Was Ferdinand Magellan?          J910.92 MAGELLAN
by Sydelle Kramer
An introduction to the life of the famous Portuguese explorer who set out to circumnavigate the Earth. 

Who Was Ernest Shackleton?           J919.89 SHACKLETON
by James Buckley Jr.
As a boy he preferred reading sea stories to doing homework and, at age 16, became an apprentice seaman. Subsequently, Ernest Shackleton’s incredible journeys to the South Pole in the early 1900s made him one of the most famous explorers of modern times.  His courage in the face of dangerous conditions and unforeseeable tragedies reveal the great leader that he was. His historic 1914 journey aboard the Endurance has all the drama of an action movie. 

Who Was King Tut?       J932.014 TUTANKHAMEN
by Roberta Edwards
Explains the life and times of this ancient Egyptian ruler, covering the story of the tomb's discovery, as well as myths and stories of mummy curses.

Who Was Alexander the Great?                   J938.07 ALEXANDER
by Kathryn Waterfield
When Alexander was a boy in ancient Macedon, he already had grand ambitions. He complained that his father, the great king of Macedon, wasn't leaving anything for him to conquer! This, of course, was not the case. King Alexander went on to control most of the known world of the time. His victories won him many supporters, but they also earned him enemies

Who Was Anne Frank?         J940.531 FRANK
by Ann Abramson
Looks closely at Anne Frank's life before the secret annex, what life was like in hiding from the Nazis, and the legacy of her diary.

Who Was Queen Victoria?                J941.081 VICTORIA
by Jim Gigliotti
Her reign of 63 years and seven months is known as the Victorian Era, a period of industrial, cultural, scientific, and political change that was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire.  But Victoria was raised under close supervision and near isolation until she became Queen of the United Kingdom at the young age of 18. She married her first cousin, Albert, and had nine children who married into families across Europe. 

Who Was Winston Churchill?            J941.084 CHURCHILL
by Ellen Labreque
Presents the life and accomplishments of one of Great Britain's most notable leaders, from his young career as an army officer and war correspondent to his key leadership role during World War II and his worldwide peace efforts.  

Who Was Princess Diana?                 J941.085 DIANA
by Ellen Labreque
A shy twenty-year-old girl stepped out of a horse-drawn coach and into the world spotlight, capturing the imagination of millions as a real-life fairytale princess. Although the storybook marriage didn't have a happy ending, Diana learned to use her fame as a way to champion charitable causes near to her heart. She became the People's Princess by humanizing the image of the royal family and showing care and concern for all people, including the homeless, the sick, and others in need.  

Who was Henry VIII?                          J942.052 HENRY
by Ellen Labreque
Mainly remembered for his six marriages and his self-appointment as the "Supreme Head of the Church of England," Henry VIII was also attractive, educated, and athletic. When Henry Tudor ascended to the English thrown at the age of 17, his reign looked promising. But by the time of his death in 1547, King Henry VIII was characterized as an extremely egotistical, harsh, and insecure king. Though Henry VIII's legacy isn't free from scandal, his monarchy thrived due to the achievements of his daughter Queen Elizabeth I. 

Who Was Queen Elizabeth?  J942.055 ELIZABETH
by June Eding
Presents the life of Queen Elizabeth I, from her birth to Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn in 1533 and her imprisonment by her half-sister, to her reign as queen, which brought peace, stability, and prosperity to sixteenth-century England. 

Who Was Joan of Arc?           J944.026 JOAN
by Pam Pollack
Joan of Arc was born in a small French village during the worst period of the Hundred Years' War. For generations, France had been besieged by the British. At age 11, Joan began to see religious visions telling her to join forces with the King of France. By the time she was a teenager, she was leading troops into battle in the name of her country. Though she was captured and executed for her beliefs, Joan of Arc became a Catholic saint and has since captured the world's imagination. 

Who Was Marie Antoinette? J944.03509 M334
by Dana Meacham Rau
Describes the life of Marie Antoinette, including her childhood in Austria, her lavish lifestyle, and the Diamond Necklace Affair.

Who Was Genghis Khan?                  J950.21092 GENGIS
by Nico Medina
Named Temujin at birth by his nomadic family in early Mongolia, the great Genghis Khan used his skill and cunning to create the Mongol Empire and conquer almost the entire continent of Asia. As ruler of the largest empire in human history, he was as respected as he was feared.

Who Was Gandhi?                       J954.035 GANDHI
by Dana Meacham Rau
An introduction to the life and accomplishments of the champion of an independent India and global icon of peace and freedom.

Who Was Nelson Mandela?                            J968.06509
by Pam Pollack
Describes the life of the South African president and revolutionary, from his childhood and his work as a peaceful protestor to his twenty-seven-year imprisonment, his election as president, and his work to end apartheid in South Africa. 

Who was Fidel Castro?                      J972.91 CASTRO
by Sarah Fabiny
After overthrowing Fulgencia Batista in 1959, Fidel Castro became the leader of an island country only ninety miles away from Florida. While in power, Castro outlasted ten US presidents and turned the small nation into a one-party state with influence over the entire world. Called a leader by some and a dictator by others, Castro defined not one but several eras in world politics

Who Was Paul Revere?               J973.3311 REVERE
by Roberta Edwards
In 1775, Paul Revere of Boston made his now-famous horseback ride warning colonists of an impending attack by the British. This event went largely unnoticed in history until Longfellow celebrated it in a poem in 1861. So, who was Paul Revere? In addition to being an American patriot, he was a skilled silversmith and made false teeth from hippo tusks!  

Who was Alexander Hamilton?                    J973.409 HAMILTON
by Pam Pollack
Highlights the life and accomplishments of the founding father, from his childhood as an orphan in the West Indies to his role in developing the Constitution and his tragic death in a duel with Aaron Burr.

Who Was Abigail Adams?                 J973.44 ADAMS
by True Kelly
Abigail Adams was a strong woman far ahead of her time. She urged her husband, President John Adams, to 'remember the ladies' and despite having no formal education herself, she later advocated for equal education in public schools for both boys and girls. She was also the first First Lady to live in the White House!  

Who Was Thomas Jefferson?                        J973.46 JEFFERSON
by Dennis B. Fradin
A biography of the third president of the United States and writer of the Declaration of Independence. 

Who was Andrew Jackson?               J973.56 JACKSON
by Douglas Yacka
Presents a biography of the hero of the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812 who became the seventh President of the United States.

Who Was Frederick Douglass?                      J973.711 DOUGLASS
by April Jones Prince
Presents the life of the man who escaped slavery in Maryland to become a speaker and writer for abolition and the rights of African Americans and women, focusing on his childhood and youth as a slave. 

Who Was Harriet Tubman?               J973.711 TUBMAN
by Yona McDonough
A biography of the nineteenth-century woman who escaped slavery and helped many other slaves get to freedom on the Underground Railroad.

Who Was Ulysses S. Grant?               J973.82 GRANT
by Megan Stine
Ulysses S. Grant certainly does not have the typical war hero “back story.” Although a graduate of West Point, he never wanted to be a soldier and was terrified when he first saw battle. However, during the Civil War, after many Northern generals failed to deliver decisive victories, U.S. Grant rose to what the times required. He took command of Union forces, helped bring the war to an end in 1865, and went on to serve two terms as president 

Who was Abraham Lincoln?             J973.909 LINCOLN
by Janet Pascal
As the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln guided the nation through the Civil War and saw the abolition of slavery. But Lincoln was tragically the first President to be assassinated.

Who Was Theodore Roosevelt?                   J973.911 ROOSEVELT
by Michael Burgan
He was only 42 years old when he was sworn in as President of the United States in 1901, making TR the youngest president ever.  But did you know that he was also the first sitting president to win the Nobel Peace Prize? The first to ride in a car? The first to fly in an airplane? Theodore Roosevelt’s achievements as a naturalist, hunter, explorer, author, and soldier are as much a part of his fame as any office he held as a politician. 

Who was Eleanor Roosevelt?                        J973.917 ROOSEVELT
by Gare Thompson
A biography of the woman who served as First Lady for the longest time, and who was the first President's wife to speak out about important issues of the day, by writing newspapers articles and books, giving radio interviews and speeches, and teaching classes.

Who Was John F. Kennedy?              J973.922 KENNEDY
by Yona McDonough
The man who saved the lives of his PT-109 crewmen during WWII and became the 35th president fought-and won-his first battle at the age of two-and-a-half, when he was stricken with scarlet fever.  Although his presidency was cut short, our nation's youngest elected leader left an indelible mark on the American consciousness. 

Who Was Jacqueline Kennedy?                    J973.922 ONASSIS
by Bonnie Bader
Private and bookish, Jackie Kennedy found herself thrust into the world spotlight as the young and glamorous wife of the President John F. Kennedy.  As First Lady she restored the once neglected rooms of the White House to their former glory, and through her charm and elegance became a style icon whose influence is still felt even today.

Who Is Michelle Obama?                   J973.93209 OBAMA
by Megan Stine
Born into a close-knit family in Chicago, Michelle Robinson was a star student who graduated from Princeton and Harvard Law. Then in 1992, she married another promising young lawyer and the rest, as they say, is history. It is undeniable that President Barack Obama has changed the United States but so has Michelle Obama, the self-proclaimed "Mom in Chief."  

Who Was Blackbeard?                       J975.502 TEACH
by James Buckley Jr.
An introduction to the most famous pirate in history. 

Who Was Davy Crockett?                             J976.804 CROCKETT
by Gail Herman
Davy Crockett, the King of the Wild Frontier, is a man of legend. He is said to have killed his first bear when he was three years old. His smile alone killed another, and he skinned a bear by forcing him to run between two trees. Fact or fiction? Find out the real story of this folk hero, who did love to hunt bears, served as a congressman for Tennessee, and fought and died at the Alamo.

Who was Daniel Boone?                                J976.902 BOONE
by Sydelle Kramer
Recounts the life of Daniel Boone, most famous for opening up the West to settlers through Kentucky and shows how he became a symbol of America's pioneering spirit.

Who Was Sacagawea?                       J978.004 SACAGAWEA
by Dennis B. Fradin
Sacagawea was only sixteen when she made one of the most remarkable journeys in American history, traveling 4500 miles by foot, canoe, and horse-all while carrying a baby on her back! Without her, the Lewis and Clark expedition might have failed. 

Who Was Sitting Bull?                       J978.00497 SITTING BULL
by Stephanie Spinner
No one knew the boy they called "Jumping Badger" would grow to become a great leader. Born on the banks of the Yellowstone River, Sitting Bull, as he was later called, was tribal chief and holy man of the Lakota Sioux tribe in a time of fierce conflict with the United States. As the government seized Native American lands, Sitting Bull relied on his military cunning and strong spirituality to drive forces out of his territory and ensure a future homeland for his people.